Dynamics means how loud or quiet the music is played. Year 3 have been learning to use -
"p" for quiet
"f" for loud
< for "crescendo" (this is Italian for gradually getting louder)
> for "diminuendo" (this means gradually getting quieter)
Year 3's theme was a Treasure Island. They made graphic scores for their music, and practised in groups to play their instruments using great control to achieve the dynamic effects.